Modern Surveying is unimaginable without the use of electronic equipment and information technology. Surveying with conventional systems has been completely replaced with advanced automated systems. Advanced Surveying: Total Station, GIS and Remote Sensing provides a thorough working knowledge of these technologies

There is a great deal of overlap with the different types of surveying, however in general terms they can be describes as follows.

  • LAND. …
  • HYDROGRAPHIC. …
  • ENGINEERING. …
  • MAPPING. …
  • ENVIRONMENTAL PLANNING. …
  • GPS SATELLITE SURVEYING & SATELLITE IMAGERY. …
  • GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS. ..
    • Surveying, a means of making relatively large-scale, accurate measurements of the Earth’s surfaces. It includes the determination of the measurement data, the reduction and interpretation of the data to usable form, and, conversely, the establishment of relative position and size according to given measurement requirements. Thus, surveying has two similar but opposite functions: (1) the determination of existing relative horizontal and vertical position, such as that used for the process of mapping, and (2) the establishment of marks to control construction or to indicate land boundaries.